|Construct the planning
process around comparative analysis of a set of alternative scenarios
for future Oak Ridge Reservation land use.
Alternative scenarios based on different stakeholders'
visions for the ORR.
Examples of possible alternative scenarios
- Continue the Status
quo: K-25 Site and ED-1 for private sector development, Y-12
area dedicated to defense, Three Bends area for conservation, remainder
for ORNL, other research initiatives, and environmental management.
- DOE's "plan"
as Leah Dever presented it on January 30: Same as status quo, except
entire ETTP area of responsibility to private sector for industrial development.
- Emphasis on research,
conservation and tourism: Same as status quo, except that certain
areas are maintained as historic tourism sites, with conservation of historic
features and arrangements for public access; Three Bends permanently dedicated
to conservation (with compatible environmental research and recreation);
Clark Center Park maintained for low-intensity recreation compatible with
the adjacent conservation areas (boat launching, picnic and swimming areas,
fishing piers, group campsite for youth groups); other selected areas dedicated
to a combination of environmental management buffer, conservation, recreation,
and similar uses.
- Oak Ridge Regional
Planning Commission master plan: Most of the reservation converted
to private ownership and use, including residential, commercial, industrial,
and open space.
|Provide integrated analysis
of the different scenarios' implications for factors
- ecosystem impacts and health
- regional economic benefits and costs
- economic cost-benefit to the local community (Oak Ridge and the two counties), including cost of infrastructure and other services to development
- cost to federal government
- future viability of ORNL as a science center
- feasibility and effectiveness of long-term stewardship and control of contaminated areas
- cultural resource preservation
- tourism and education opportunities
- recreation opportunities
- effective security for defense activities
- viability of economic development schemes (including demand for and marketability of potential developments, as well as potential for competition with private sector development)
|Planning must be a collaborative
U.S. Department of Energy. DOE
is the government agency responsible for this publicly owned land. DOE
necessarily should take the lead in the planning process.
Cooperative Participants. Other
entities with a stake in the future of the ORR should be able to participate
actively in the planning process in a cooperative role. Cooperators should
Other possible cooperators include:
Government agencies that share a management
role with DOE (such as Tennessee Valley Authority and Tennessee Wildlife
The state-designated regional planning authority
for the area (Oak Ridge Regional Planning Commission) and the city planning
Key stakeholder groups (such as AFORR and
the Tennessee Conservation League)
DOE's designated agent for "community transition"
activities in Oak Ridge, the Community Reuse Organization of East Tennessee
Other government agencies with particular
interest or expertise related to ORR resources or potential uses (such
as Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, US EPA Region
IV, US Fish and Wildlife Service, county officials, Tennessee Historical
Commission, East Tennessee Development District, Oak Ridge Convention and
Visitors' Bureau, and other city offices)
Other area and national interest groups,
such as The Nature Conservancy, the Local Oversight Committee, Southern
Appalachian Man and the Biosphere, and national scientific organizations.
Each cooperating organization would need to
have one person represent them in this process, but they would participate
as agents of their agency or organization, not as individuals. The group
of cooperators should not be considered to be a committee, and the group
should not be expected to make group recommendations or to reach decisions
by a voting process.
provide information consistent with their
resources and expertise
identify issues of concern
formulate alternatives to be evaluated
provide perspectives on issues, alternatives
interact regularly throughout the process
DOE will need contractor support to do the analyses and facilitate the
interactions of cooperators. Expertise is needed in:
Contractors should be independent from local
stakeholder interests. The selected contractor(s) need to be acceptable
to all participants.
strategic approaches to economic development,
cost-benefit analysis for development (i.e.,
environmental impact assessment (including
requirements of National Historic Preservation Act and Endangered Species
conducting collaborative planning/decisionmaking
The general public.
Periodic public involvement is very important, including public meetings
and release of draft documents for public comment.
Considerations in planning
Includes land use constraints, land-use suitability, and special values. Much of this information is already available from Common Ground, the Comprehensive Integrated Planning Process, and other DOE data sets.
Federal government purposes
DOE purposes include:
environmental management (both cleanup and waste management).
To the extent that regional economic development is also a DOE purpose, the requirements to achieve the purpose depend on having a comprehensive vision/strategy for such development. This does not seem to exist now, and AFORR thinks there are some alternative paths that could be followed. DOE will need outside expertise to assist in framing alternative economic development strategies for consideration in the process.
Other potential federal purposes, including conservation, are outside the scope of DOE's mission but also should be considered in planning.
Notes on scope of planning effort
Included (i.e., no land use changes or land transfers should occur during the planning process):
Clark Center Park
Initiatives unaffected by the planning process include:
ORNL Facilities Revitalization,
Spallation Neutron Source construction
EM Waste Management Facility
Proposed transfer of the Museum of Science and Energy to the City of Oak Ridge